consequences of human trafficking in nigeria

To advance our goal of structural transformation on the African continent, we are building a community of survivors who are becoming awakened to their potential and are not only poverty reduction driven, but are laser focused on wealth creation for themselves, their local communities and the continent. Causes and Consequences of Transnational Human Trafficking in West Africa The causes of transnational human trafficking in West Africa are multiple. Here you will see the meaning of Human trafficking, notable cases, causes, effects and possible solutions to the menace. Impact Of Human Trafficking In Nigeria. Codification of the Task Force to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases in Edo (total of 38 investigations and 22 pending prosecutions in 2019- down from 56 investigations and 20 prosecutions in 2018), following an allocation of N242 million by the state government) occurred on May 23, 2018 when Governor Obaseki signed into law the Edo State Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Bill (2018) in Abuja. The crime is as profitable as trafficking in arms and ammunitions and is the second most profitable criminal network to that of drug trafficking; with annual earnings of approximately US 32 Billion dollars (US State Dept). When most trafficked persons return home after the harsh experiences they faced in European nations, they face an even harsher stigma back in their home country, as they’re quickly branded as shameful and disgraceful. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. It is noteworthy that between 2014-2016, IOM recorded an almost 600% increase in the number of potential sex trafficking victims arriving in Italy via the Mediterranean. European nations, like Spain and Italy, are the major target of those fleeing the nation, and recently, it was discovered that Italy has the highest population of Nigerian’s victimized by human trafficking, with over 20,000 women and girls found to be prostituting on the streets of Italy. It ties with the illegal arms trade as the second largest, after the drug-trade in terms of revenue generation for the perpetrators with an estimated income of … • At Pathfinders, our theory of change is that trafficking ends when human dignity is restored. Greed, war, and political conditions can also lead to human trafficking. Human Trafficking of Nigerian Women to Europe. No individual likes to live in harsh living conditions, where his basic needs cannot be met, and so any promise of a better life is quickly grabbed with both hands. The countries where these young women and children are taken to begins to experience overpopulation, as the immigration rate increases. Also, in 2014, a recent report on human trafficking revealed that over  170,  000  arrived in Italy by sea in that year alone, and the numbers continue to increase sporadically. NAPTIP further contends that 75% of those who are trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% are trafficked within states. According to IOM, in July 2018, over 60,000 Nigerians remained trapped in Libya, with 50% of them hailing from Edo State. (In fact, in Italy, Nigerians represented a meagre 2.1% of the total 11,000 land and sea arrivals in 2019 and numbers have continued to drop since 2017.) It also discusses the effects of women and children trafficking on the victims of human trafficking and the society at large. September 10, 2020 • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. Given the underground nature of trafficking, its consequences are hidden and difficult to see. This paper presents the causes and consequences of the trafficking of women from Nigeria to America and Europe. Those statistics notwithstanding, the total number that currently embark on the journey from Nigeria to Europe remains largely unknown. Again, Nigerians were not within the top 10 nationalities of those registered with IOM in Libya, the country which many experts have considered the unsafe migration gateway into Europe (particularly from Sub-Saharan Africa) in recent years. (It is noteworthy that the UNODC’s January 7, 2019 Report now estimates the number of children in slavery at almost 1/3 of all global victims.) Nigeria border is having a bad reputation through the porosity of the border which is easily accessible illegally for committing different kinds of crime like smuggling of people, trafficking of people, foodstuff, cloth, … INTRODUCTION. Traffickers prey on others weaknesses, unfortunate circumstances, unfamiliarity, and inexperience. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Anthropologica. 1&2, 104-117. This study focuses on the causes, effects and remedies of Child . As such, we are working to ensure that every young woman in Nigeria has access, i.e., an opportunity to live a life that is dignified and one that is graced with self determination; one where she is not robbed of agency. Greed, the unquenchable desire for wealth at any cost, no matter how immoral, is also another cause of human trafficking. • In December 2016, the EU and IOM developed the Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Re-integration in Africa to address the challenges of unsafe migration. Supra. But, research has identified a range of issues that victims and survivors may experience. In other words, the post attempts to find explanations to why child trafficking is such a big problem in Nigeria in spite of efforts made, through legislation and institution building, to combat it. The impact of human trafficking on victims and survivors varies depending on the type of trafficking and the specific situation. Research shows that about 10,000 Nigerian prostitutes in Italy are subjected to human trafficking. Trafficking in human beings and more especially, trafficking in Children has been on a rise across the globe. Fighting the menace requires a coordinated and concerted push from all stakeholders. Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. The average woman trafficked for forced sexual servitude/exploitation generates $100,000 in annual profits (anywhere from 100% to 1,000% return on investment) (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)). IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIAN STATE. There are also adverse effects on the population of the countries involved. Citizens are attracted out of their home country because of a lack of opportunities, opportunities that present themselves elsewhere. Women and girls represented 84% of the 15.4 million people in forced marriages, and 59% of those in private forced labour (8.7 Alliance 2017 Report). • There are more readily available statistics on the numbers of women who are trafficked from Nigeria into Europe, particularly into Italy. Fighting the menace requires a coordinated and concerted push from all stakeholders. • Nigeria remains a source, transit and destination country when it comes to human trafficking. In Nigeria, women and children are subjected to trafficking for the purpose of forced labour and forced prostitution. • According to IOM, an astounding 94% of all Nigerian women trafficked to Europe for prostitution hail from Edo State, with Italy being the number one destination country. Therefore, if Nigeria is to successfully combat human trafficking, the federal government must make Nigeria attractive again to its citizens. Human Trafficking is a criminal network and business which yields enormous profits. According to ILO report, an estimated number of 5.5 Million children are trafficked around the world and the rate of trafficking keeps increasing as children are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced labour, benefit fraud, criminal activities, and many more. These and many other commendable efforts have been taken to prevent trafficking in persons. Also, children from other West African nations like Togo, Ghana, and the Benin Republic are brought to Nigeria and forced to work tedious jobs in inhumane conditions. Also, trafficked persons may also be influenced by greed, and as such, would do anything to “make it” in life, even going as far as selling their bodies as sex workers in European countries. In conclusion, having stated the reasons and consequences of human trafficking, it is deemed as an unacceptable act and must be stopped. The individual is exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and, worst-case scenario, death. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; According to the US State Department’s 2020 TIP Report, NAPTIP received 943 cases for investigation, completed 210 investigations, prosecuted at least 64 suspects in 64 cases, and convicted 27 traffickers, compared with receiving 938 cases for investigation, completing 192 investigations, 64 prosecutions, and 43 convictions in the previous reporting period. Globalization allows traffickers … Read more… Terms of Use. In 2017, a total of 18,000 Nigerian migrants were recorded to have arrived into Europe via the Mediterranean, 5,400 of which were women (UNHCR, 2018). Underdeveloped countries, mainly third world countries like Nigeria, are more prone to trafficking in person’s because the lack of development and infrastructure leads their citizens to seek greener pastures elsewhere, and so, they’ll easily fall prey to human traffickers. Nigeria has a history of hearing financial issues causing significant unemployment and poverty. Human trafficking is an organised crime. There are different forms of human trafficking in Nigeria. Read Also: Armed kidnappers attack community, kill 2, kidnap 3. Effects of Human Trafficking Women, who are sexually exploited, suffer similar injuries as those who are battered, raped or sexually assaulted. Most people are unaware of the harsh conditions that trafficked persons are subjected to, and so, quickly agree to the terms of human traffickers. It is noteworthy that since the Oba of Benin’s pronouncement, the introduction of the Edo State law and the Task Force’s efforts, international donor efforts targeting the reduction of trafficking in Edo State and the European Union’s  (EU) externalization policies of border control and accompanying legislative wall, traffickers are pushing the trade underground and/or recruiting naive victims from other States, including Kogi, Ondo, Bayelsa and Calabar. This study identifies the major causes of child trafficking that stand as a bottleneck in Nigeria. According to IOM, there are approximately 356,000 IDPs  (as of November 2019) and 636,000 refugees and migrants in Libya (as of January 2020), the country from which a large percentage of migrants attempt the journey into Europe. Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation/slavery, forced labour, forced marriage, rituals, etcetera. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; 1.1 Background of the study. Root Causes of Child Trafficking in Nigeria. H 2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. Human trafficking This article is useful to curious learners, students, researchers, and policymakers. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Many are also taught the use of weapons and are recruited as ‘soldiers’ in armed conflicts. Women and children are taken from within the country’s borders and taken to other West African and Central African countries like Gabon, Benin, Togo, Niger, Burkina Faso, Gambia, and Chad, as well as other European countries like Russia and Italy, and other the Middle East and North African countries. Not so surprisingly, it happens to be the biggest organized crime in the world, after illegal dealing of drugs and weapons. Since then, Nigerian  arrivals have continued to decline. Lack of adequate legislation and of political will and commitment to enforce existing legislation or mandates are other factors that facilitate trafficking in persons. CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. H 0 2: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. The majority of those forced into human trafficking are forced into the commercial sex trade or forced labor. Globally, in 2019, there were only a total of 11,841 prosecutions (down from 11,096 in 2018) and 9,548 convictions (up from 7,481 in 2018). • The overwhelming majority of trafficking victims and migrants make the treacherous journey from Edo State (particularly Benin) and Delta States to Kano, from where they are smuggled into Niger or Algeria before traversing 500 miles over the Sahara Desert into Libya. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. Unemployment and a lack of job opportunities, like poverty, can quickly lead one into the deceptive hands of human traffickers. Organ trafficking has been on the rise in Libya. September 10, 2020 • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. The EU is currently negotiating a readmission agreement with Nigeria that would force repatriations. ©2018 PathFinders Justice Initiative, Inc. 47,079 registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Libya, no longer within the top ten nationalities, Edo State Task Force Against Human Trafficking, signed into law the Edo State Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Bill (2018), Common Agenda for Migration and Mobility Agreement, largest category for Nigerian female trafficking victims. Stigmatization is another adverse effect of human trafficking. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Impact of Human Trafficking on Victims and Survivors. (In general, 83.5% of all Nigerians interviewed in 2017 reported to have suffered from physical violence of any kind during the journey, most often in Libya. According to the United Nations, the smuggling route from East, North and West Africa to Europe is said to generate $150 million in annual profits ( $35 billion globally). 5 security operations ongoing to deal with bandits, kidnappers: FG, Head of Buhari’s Daura district kidnapped, Armed kidnappers attack community, kill 2, kidnap 3, Nigeria, Niger to work together to stamp out human trafficking. The federal government should also reinforce laws and protocols that protect individuals, especially women and teenage girls, from the risk of being trafficked across the country’s borders to outside nations to be used as commercial sex/domestic slaves. (It is noteworthy that NAPTIP’s 2019 Report contradicts these figures, instead noting that it received 915 cases for investigation, completed 203 investigations, is devoid of the number of prosecuted cases and convicted 25 persons following a total of 18 convictions.) Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education This stigma affects, adversely, their already depleting mental and emotional state, and worsens their psychological trauma. Trafficking of children is synonymous with exploitation child labour. (On average, each survivor we partner with has ensured sexual slavery for 3-5 years, having been forced into prostitution an average of 4,000 times.) That figure is now on the decline, as Nigerians are no longer within the top ten nationalities of arrivals by land or sea in 2019. CNN contends that Edo State is the most trafficked through destination in Africa. It is estimated that over 15 million Nigerians leave outside the country for the purpose of education, jobs, as well as other illicit activities like commercial sex work. Notwithstanding, the total number that currently embark on the economic growth of Nigeria Pathfinders. Illicit drugs poses a major risk to the menace is useful to learners... Trafficked outside the country, according to Italian authorities, there are different forms of human trafficking does not a. Or mandates are other factors that facilitate trafficking in Nigeria purpose of forced labour and prostitution... 10,000 to 30,000 Nigerian women working in prostitution on the economic growth of European countries and face harsher conditions they. 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